Europe's First Professional Theatre
Commedia dell'Arte roughly translates to "Theatre of the Artisan" referring to a professional organization. This name did not appear until the 18th century, near the end of the golden age of what had previously been called commedia alla zannesca, commedia all'improvviso, commedia alla maschera. This more modern term defines what it was, professional. It was not amateur nor religious, it was created by full time performers who expected audiences to pay money to see them perform.
The Birth of the Actress
In 1565, after decades of simple plots of servants and old men, one commedia troupe, Zan Ganassa, revolutionized the art form with one swift stroke: they put a woman onstage. Vincenza Armani became the first professional actress in western Europe and would later be prima donna in one of the most popular troupes of all time, I Gelosi.